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The initial centre of spiritual life was the present-day filial Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in Vrhpolje, whose patron saints are Saints Primus and Felician. The new church was built in 1871-1875 by the construction workshop of Mihael Blažek based on the plans of the dean of Vipava Jurij Grabrijan; it was consecrated by Grabrijan on 4 November 1875, when it also assumed the patronage of the older church while the independent parish was founded in 1899. The arch of the presbytery features a fresco of the Assumption of the Virgin from the end of the 19th century, the work of the then pastor Henrik Dejak, modelled after Titian's Assunta in the Venetian basilica of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari.
The Vrhpolje parish Church of St. Primus and Felician has been fully renovated since 1 December 2013. A mosaic by Father Marko Ivan Rupnik gave the church a completely new image.
The 180 square metre mosaic was being made by 24 artists for two months and it took a week for it to be installed in the church. The central image in the presbytery illustrates the resurrected Christ with the apostles Peter and Thomas. The scene includes two events that took place in completely separate circumstances. As Jesus walked on the Sea of Galilee in the night after the miracle of the five loaves and two fish, Peter told him: "Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you by water." And he told him: "Come!" And Peter got out of the boat, walked on the water and came to Jesus. But when he saw that the wind was strong, he got afraid. He started drowning and shouted: "Lord, save me!" Jesus immediately stretched out his hand, took him, and told him: "Unbeliever, why did you doubt me?" And when they got into the boat, the wind stopped. The meeting of the resurrected Christ with Thomas the Apostle was described by the John the Evangelist. When Jesus first appeared to the apostles after the resurrection, Thomas was not there and he could not believe the testimony of the apostles. He said he would believe only when he saw the resurrected man himself and touched his wounds. Eight days later, Jesus appeared to them again and dared Thomas to put his hand to his side. At that time, Thomas professed his faith in Jesus: "My Lord and my God."
Depicted on the left side of the presbytery is the marriage feast at Cana of Galilee, where the first miracle attributed to Jesus took place. Mary noticed that the bride and groom had run out of wine and reminded Jesus of this: "They have no wine", and ordered to servants: "Whatever he tells you, do it". Jesus ordered them: "Fill the jars with water!" and then: "Draw out some and take it to the chief steward!" And the water they drew out turned into high-quality wine. The central figure of this event is the six large stone jars, that is, the laws of Moses that do not unite with God. Man has never succeeded at self-salvation and never will. Self-salvation only happens to Christ.
Depicted on the right side of the presbytery are Saints Primus and Felician, the patron saints of the parish church, and the Binding of Isaac is depicted above them. The lions and lambs symbolise the coexistence that will reign in the Kingdom of God. On the right side of the sacristy door there is an image of John the Baptist. He points to Jesus with one hand: "I baptise you with water, and he will baptise you with the Holy Spirit", and with the other hand he points to the Binding of Isaac as foreshadowing of Jesus Christ, given by God the Father for our salvation.
Depicted on the front wall of the nave is the Mary Magdalene Sees the Risen Lord and the archangel of wisdom is depicted on the right side.
Depicted on the arch of the presbytery is the Annunciation of the Lord. An angel brings message to Mary in Nazareth that God has chosen her to be the mother of his Son.
The mosaic artwork is complemented by the Way of the Cross, a stained glass window, medallions on the tabernacle, a cross and lamps.